Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://dx.doi.org/10.14279/depositonce-8553
Main Title: Evaluating system of rice intensification using a modified transplanter: A smart farming solution toward sustainability of paddy fields in Malaysia
Author(s): Shamshiri, Redmond R.
Ibrahim, Bala
Balasundram, Siva K.
Taheri, Sima
Weltzien, Cornelia
Type: Article
Language Code: en
Abstract: This paper presents the study reports on evaluating a new transplanting operation by taking into accounts the interactions between soil, plant, and machine in line with the System of Rice Intensification (SRI) practices. The objective was to modify planting claw (kuku-kambing) of a paddy transplanter in compliance with SRI guidelines to determine the best planting spacing (S), seed rate (G) and planting pattern that results in a maximum number of seedling, tillers per hill, and yield. Two separate experiments were carried out in two different paddy fields, one to determine the best planting spacing (S=4 levels: s1=0.16 m×0.3 m, s2= 0.18 m×0.3 m, s3=0.21 m×0.3 m, and s4=0.24 m×0.3 m) for a specific planting pattern (row mat or scattered planting pattern), and the other to determine the best combination of spacing with seed rate treatments (G=2 levels: g1=75 g/tray, and g2= 240 g/tray). Main SRI management practices such as soil characteristics of the sites, planting depth, missing hill, hill population, the number of seedling per hill, and yield components were evaluated. Results of two-way analysis of variance with three replications showed that spacing, planting pattern and seed rate affected the number of one-seedling in all experiment. It was also observed that the increase in spacing resulted in more tillers and more panicle per plant, however hill population and sterility ratio increased with the decrease in spacing. While the maximum number of panicles were resulted from scattered planting at s4=0.24 m×0.3 m spacing with the seed rate of g1=75 g/tray, the maximum number of one seedling were observed at s4=0.16 m×0.3 m. The highest and lowest yields were obtained from 75 g seeds per tray scattered and 70 g seeds per tray scattered treatment respectively. For all treatments, the result clearly indicates an increase in yield with an increase in spacing.
URI: https://depositonce.tu-berlin.de/handle/11303/9502
http://dx.doi.org/10.14279/depositonce-8553
Issue Date: Mar-2019
Date Available: 11-Jun-2019
DDC Class: 630 Landwirtschaft und verwandte Bereiche
640 Hauswirtschaft und Familie
Subject(s): system of rice intensification
sustainable cultivation
smart farming
modified transplanter
paddy fields
Malaysia
Sponsor/Funder: DFG, 414044773, Open Access Publizieren 2019 - 2020 / Technische Universität Berlin
License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Journal Title: International Journal of Agricultural and Biological Engineering
Publisher: Chinese Academy of Agricultural Engineering
Publisher Place: Beijing
Volume: 12
Issue: 2
Publisher DOI: 10.25165/j.ijabe.20191202.2999
Page Start: 54
Page End: 67
EISSN: 1934-6352
ISSN: 1934-6344
Appears in Collections:FG Agromechatronik » Publications

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