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Main Title: Pore Characteristics and Their Effects on the Material Properties of Foamed Concrete Evaluated Using Micro-CT Images and Numerical Approaches
Author(s): Chung, Sang-Yeop
Lehmann, Christian
Abd Elrahman, Mohamed
Stephan, Dietmar
Type: Article
Language Code: en
Abstract: Foamed concrete contains numerous pores inside the material, and these pores are a significant factor determining the material characteristics. In particular, the pore distribution characteristics of foamed concrete significantly affect its thermal and mechanical properties. Therefore, an appropriate investigation is necessary for a more detailed understanding of foamed concrete. Here, a set of foamed concrete samples with different densities is used in order to investigate the density effects on the pore characteristics, as well as the physical properties of the materials. The pore distribution characteristics of these samples are investigated using an X-ray micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) imaging technique with probabilistic and quantitative methods. Using these methods, the anisotropy, the pore circularity factor and the relative density of cell thickness are examined. The thermal (thermal conductivity) and mechanical (directional modulus and strength) properties of each foamed specimen are computed using numerical simulations and compared with experimental results. From the obtained results, the effects of the pore sizes and shapes on the local and global properties of the foamed concrete are examined for developing advanced foamed concrete with lower thermal conductivity by minimizing the strength reduction.
Issue Date: 26-May-2017
Date Available: 2-Aug-2019
DDC Class: 600 Technik, Technologie
Subject(s): foamed concrete
pore characteristics
probability function
physical property
Journal Title: Applied Sciences
Publisher: MDPI
Publisher Place: Basel
Volume: 7
Issue: 6
Article Number: 550
Publisher DOI: 10.3390/app7060550
EISSN: 2076-3417
Appears in Collections:FG Baustoffe und Bauchemie » Publications

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