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Main Title: Facilitating Low-Carbon Living? A Comparison of Intervention Measures in Different Community-Based Initiatives
Author(s): Schäfer, Martina
Hielscher, Sabine
Haas, Willi
Hausknost, Daniel
Leitner, Michaela
Kunze, Iris
Mandl, Sylvia
Type: Article
Language Code: en
Abstract: The challenge of facilitating a shift towards sustainable housing, food and mobility has been taken up by diverse community-based initiatives ranging from “top-down” approaches in low-carbon municipalities to “bottom-up” approaches in intentional communities. This paper compares intervention measures in four case study areas belonging to these two types, focusing on their potential of re-configuring daily housing, food, and mobility practices. Taking up critics on dominant intervention framings of diffusing low-carbon technical innovations and changing individual behavior, we draw on social practice theory for the empirical analysis of four case studies. Framing interventions in relation to re-configuring daily practices, the paper reveals differences and weaknesses of current low-carbon measures of community-based initiatives in Germany and Austria. Low-carbon municipalities mainly focus on introducing technologies and offering additional infrastructure and information to promote low-carbon practices. They avoid interfering into residents’ daily lives and do not restrict carbon-intensive practices. In contrast, intentional communities base their interventions on the collective creation of shared visions, decisions, and rules and thus provide social and material structures, which foster everyday low-carbon practices and discourage carbon-intensive ones. The paper discusses the relevance of organizational and governance structures for implementing different types of low-carbon measures and points to opportunities for broadening current policy strategies.
Issue Date: 2-Apr-2018
Date Available: 9-Aug-2019
DDC Class: 333 Boden- und Energiewirtschaft
Subject(s): low-carbon municipalities
intentional communities
social practice theories
interventions in practices
low-carbon measures
Journal Title: Sustainability
Publisher: MDPI
Publisher Place: Basel
Volume: 10
Issue: 4
Article Number: 1047
Publisher DOI: 10.3390/su10041047
EISSN: 2071-1050
Appears in Collections:Zentrum Technik und Gesellschaft (ZTG) » Publications

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