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Main Title: Effect of Shear Rate on the Orientation and Relaxation of a Vanillic Acid Based Liquid Crystalline Polymer
Author(s): De Kort, Gijs W.
Leoné, Nils
Stellamanns, Eric
Auhl, Dietmar
Wilsens, Carolus H. R. M.
Rastogi, Sanjay
Type: Article
Language Code: en
Abstract: In this study, we report on the visco-elastic response during start-up and cessation of shear of a novel bio-based liquid crystal polymer. The ensuing morphological changes are analyzed at different length scales by in-situ polarized optical microscopy and wide-angle X-ray diffraction. Upon inception of shear, the polydomain texture is initially stretched, at larger strain break up processes become increasingly important, and eventually a steady state texture is obtained. The shear stress response showed good coherence between optical and rheo-X-ray data. The evolution of the orientation parameter coincides with the evolution of the texture: the order parameter increases as the texture stretches, drops slightly in the break up regime, and reaches a constant value in the plateau regime. The relaxation of the shear stress and the polydomain texture showed two distinct processes with different timescales: The first is fast contraction of the stretched domain texture; the second is the slow coalescence of the polydomain texture. The timescale of the orientation parameter’s relaxation matched with that of the slow coalescence process. All processes were found to scale with shear rate in the tested regime. These observations can have far reaching implications for the processing of liquid crystal polymers as they indicate that increased shear rates during processing can correspond to an increased relaxation rate of the orientation parameter and, therefore, a decrease in anisotropy and material properties after cooling.
Issue Date: 22-Aug-2018
Date Available: 15-Aug-2019
DDC Class: 530 Physik
Subject(s): thermotropic polyester
nematic melt
domain texture
Sponsor/Funder: EC/H2020/685614/EU/Biobased self-functionalised self-reinforced composite materials based on high performance nanofibrillar PLA fibres/BIO4SELF
Journal Title: Polymers
Publisher: MDPI
Publisher Place: Basel
Volume: 10
Issue: 9
Article Number: 935
Publisher DOI: 10.3390/polym10090935
EISSN: 2073-4360
Appears in Collections:FG Polymertechnik und Polymerphysik » Publications

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