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Main Title: Material Implications of Rural Electrification—A Methodological Framework to Assess In-Use Stocks of Off-Grid Solar Products and EEE in Rural Households in Bangladesh
Author(s): Batteiger, Alexander
Rotter, Vera Susanne
Type: Article
Language Code: en
Abstract: “Universal access to electricity” is proclaimed as the seventh sustainable development goal (SDG 7) of the United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Goals list. The achievement of this goal will result in a rapid diffusion of energy technologies that would in turn increase materials stocks, subsequently increase the raw material demand as well as the arising waste flows. This study describes a methodological framework to assess in-use stocks of off-grid solar products and electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) for rural communities in developing countries. The methodology is based on energy-access data. Furthermore, the specifics of the characteristics of off-grid solar products are discussed. The methodology is applied to rural Bangladesh and its solar home system (SHS) program. By the end of 2016, around 4.1 million SHSs were installed. This type of access to electricity has a significant impact on the in-use stocks, as households add the comparatively heavy SHSs to their in-use stocks. In-use stocks of EEE, in general, are low. Off-grid solar products are lighter than standard EEE, and fewer products types are available. These findings will help to better understand material stocks and future waste flows in the given context and will support the adaption of recycling infrastructures.
Issue Date: 7-Feb-2018
Date Available: 23-Aug-2019
DDC Class: 600 Technik, Technologie
Subject(s): material stocks
electronic waste
rural electrification
off-grid solar products
Journal Title: Recycling
Publisher: MDPI
Publisher Place: Basel
Volume: 3
Issue: 1
Article Number: 7
Publisher DOI: 10.3390/recycling3010007
EISSN: 2313-4321
Appears in Collections:FG Kreislaufwirtschaft und Recyclingtechnologie » Publications

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