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Changing the chemical and physical properties of high valent heterobimetallic bis-(mu-oxido) Cu-Ni complexes by ligand effects

Kafentzi, Maria-Chrysanthi; Orio, Maylis; Réglier, Marius; Yao, Shenglai; Kuhlmann, Uwe; Hildebrandt, Peter; Drieß, Matthias; Simaan, A. Jalila; Ray, Kallol

FG Metallorganische Chemie und Anorganische Materialien

FG Physikalische Chemie / Biophysikalische Chemie

Two new heterobimetallic [LNiO2Cu(RPY2)](+) (RPY2 = N-substituted bis 2-pyridyl(ethylamine) ligands with R = indane, 3a or R = Me, 3b) complexes have been spectroscopically trapped at low temperatures. They were prepared by reacting the mononuclear side-on LNiII superoxo precursor bearing a beta-diketiminate ligand (L = [HC-(CMeNC6H3(iPr)(2))(2)]) with the Cu(I) complexes. In contrast to the oxo groups in known high-valent [M-2(mu-O)(2)](n+) (M = Fe, Co, Ni, Cu) cores that display electrophilic reactivities, 3a and 3b display rather nucleophilic oxo cores active in aldehyde deformylation reactions. However, the spectroscopic and reactivity properties of 3a/3b are found to be distinct relative to that of the previously reported [LNiO2Cu(MeAN)](+) complex containing a more basic (nucleophilic) N, N, N', N', N'-pentamethyl-dipropylenetriamine (MeAN) ligand at the copper centre. The geometry and electronic properties of the copper ligands affect the electron density of the oxygen atoms of the heterodinuclear {Ni(mu-O)(2)} core and 3a/3b undergo slower nucleophilic and faster electrophilic reactions than the previously reported [LNiO2Cu(MeAN)](+) intermediate. The present study therefore demonstrates the tuning of the electrophilicity/ nucleophilicity of the oxygen atoms of the heterobimetallic [Ni(mu-O)(2)Cu](2+) cores by controlling the electron donation from the ancillary ligands, and underlines the significance of subtle electronic changes in the physical and chemical properties of the biologically relevant heterobimetallic metal-dioxygen intermediates.