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Moving Dirichlet Boundary Conditions

Altmann, Robert

Inst. Mathematik

This paper develops a framework to include Dirichlet boundary conditions on a subset of the boundary which depends on time. In this model, the boundary conditions are weakly enforced with the help of a Lagrange multiplier method. In order to avoid that the ansatz space of the Lagrange multiplier depends on time, a bi-Lipschitz transformation, which maps a fixed interval onto the Dirichlet boundary, is introduced. An inf-sup condition as well as existence results are presented for a class of second order initial-boundary value problems. For the semi-discretization in space, a finite element scheme is presented which satisfies a discrete stability condition. Because of the saddle point structure of the underlying PDE, the resulting system is a DAE of index 3.