Plant traits, biotopes and urbanization dynamics explain the survival of endangered urban plant populations

dc.contributor.authorPlanchuelo, Greg
dc.contributor.authorKowarik, Ingo
dc.contributor.authorvon der Lippe, Moritz
dc.date.accessioned2020-11-10T15:05:52Z
dc.date.available2020-11-10T15:05:52Z
dc.date.issued2020-06-02
dc.date.updated2020-11-09T15:34:04Z
dc.description.abstractWith accelerating urbanization, the urban contribution to biodiversity conservation becomes increasingly important. Previous research shows that cities can host many endangered plant species. However, fundamental questions for urban nature conservation remain open: to what extent and where can endangered plant species persist in the long term and which mechanisms underlie population survival? We evaluate the survival of 858 precisely monitored populations of 179 endangered plant species in Berlin, Germany, by assessing population survival throughout different urban ecosystems over a period of 7.6 years on average. By linking population survival to various landscape variables and plant traits, we unravel the underlying drivers. More than one–third of populations went extinct during the observation period. Population survival was inversely correlated to the increase in impervious surfaces in the vicinity following the first 11 years after the fall of the Berlin wall. Additionally, populations in semi‐natural habitats like forests and bogs were surprisingly more prone to local extinction than populations in anthropogenic habitats. Survival was highest for competitive species with a preference for drier soils (Ellenberg indicator for soil humidity). Synthesis and applications. Considerable levels of local population extinction demonstrate that the presence of endangered plants cannot be directly linked with their long‐term survival in cities. However, the survival of remaining populations indicates opportunities for urban biodiversity conservation both within and outside conservation areas. The elucidated links between population survival, urbanization dynamics, biotope class and species traits support urban conservation strategies that reduce the proportion of impervious surface, prioritize conservation management in forests and grasslands and explore the opportunities of green spaces and built‐up areas.en
dc.description.sponsorshipTU Berlin, Open-Access-Mittel – 2020en
dc.identifier.eissn1365-2664
dc.identifier.issn0021-8901
dc.identifier.urihttps://depositonce.tu-berlin.de/handle/11303/11889
dc.identifier.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.14279/depositonce-10780
dc.language.isoenen
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en
dc.subject.ddc570 Biowissenschaften; Biologiede
dc.subject.otheranthropogenic biotopesen
dc.subject.otherbiodiversity conservationen
dc.subject.otherendangered plant speciesen
dc.subject.otherplant traitsen
dc.subject.otherpopulation monitoringen
dc.subject.otherpopulation persistenceen
dc.subject.otherurban ecosystemsen
dc.subject.otherurbanization changesen
dc.titlePlant traits, biotopes and urbanization dynamics explain the survival of endangered urban plant populationsen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.type.versionpublishedVersionen
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.doi10.1111/1365-2664.13661en
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.issue8en
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.journaltitleJournal of Applied Ecologyen
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.originalpublishernameWileyen
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.originalpublisherplaceNew York, NYen
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.pageend1592en
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.pagestart1581en
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.volume57en
tub.accessrights.dnbfreeen
tub.affiliationFak. 6 Planen Bauen Umwelt>Inst. Ökologie>FG Ökosystemkunde / Pflanzenökologiede
tub.affiliation.facultyFak. 6 Planen Bauen Umweltde
tub.affiliation.groupFG Ökosystemkunde / Pflanzenökologiede
tub.affiliation.instituteInst. Ökologiede
tub.publisher.universityorinstitutionTechnische Universität Berlinen
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