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Effective strain gradient continuum model of metamaterials and size effects analysis

Yang, Hua; Timofeev, Dmitry; Giorgio, Ivan; Müller, Wolfgang H.

FG Kontinuumsmechanik und Materialtheorie

In this paper, a strain gradient continuum model for a metamaterial with a periodic lattice substructure is considered. A second gradient constitutive law is postulated at the macroscopic level. The effective classical and strain gradient stiffness tensors are obtained based on asymptotic homogenization techniques using the equivalence of energy at the macro- and microscales within a so-called representative volume element. Numerical studies by means of finite element analysis were performed to investigate the effects of changing volume ratio and characteristic length for a single unit cell of the metamaterial as well as changing properties of the underlying material. It is also shown that the size effects occurring in a cantilever beam made of a periodic metamaterial can be captured with appropriate accuracy by using the identified effective stiffness tensors.