Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Triglycerides at the Water–Oil Interface Studied via Interfacial Rheology Analysis of Lipase Adsorption Layers
The enzymatic hydrolysis of sunflower oil occurs at the water–oil interface. Therefore, the characterization of dynamic interfacial phenomena is essential for understanding the related mechanisms for process optimizations. Most of the available research works for this purpose deal with averaged interfacial properties determined via reaction kinetics and dynamic surface tension measurements. In addition to the classical approach for dynamic surface tension measurements, here, the evolution of the dilational viscoelasticity of the lipase adsorbed layer at the water–oil interface is characterized using profile analysis tensiometry. It is observed that lipase exhibits nonlinear dilational rheology depending on the concentration and age of the adsorbed layer. For reactive water–oil interfaces, the response of the interfacial tension to the sinusoidal area perturbations becomes more asymmetric with time. Surface-active products of the enzymatic hydrolysis of triglycerides render the interface less elastic during compression compared to the expansion path. The lipolysis products can facilitate desorption upon compression while inhibiting adsorption upon expansion of the interface. Lissajous plots provide an insight into how the hysteresis effect leads to different interfacial tensions along the expansion and compression routes. Also, the droplet shape increasingly deviates from a Laplacian shape, demonstrating an irreversible film formation during aging and ongoing hydrolysis reaction, which supports our findings via interfacial elasticity analysis.
Published in: Langmuir, 10.1021/acs.langmuir.1c01963, American Chemical Society (ACS)