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A Cauchy-density-based rate controller for H.264/AVC in low-delay environments

del-Ama-Esteban, Óscar; Sanz-Rodríguez, Sergio; de-Frutos-López, Manuel; Díaz-de-María, Fernando

The accuracy of the Cauchy probability density function for modeling of the discrete cosine transform coefficient distribution has already been proved for the frame layer of the rate control subsystem of a hybrid video coder. Nevertheless, in some specific applications operating in real-time low-delay environments, a basic unit layer is recommended in order to provide a good trade-off between quality and delay control. In this paper, a novel basic unit bit allocation for H.264/AVC is proposed based on a simplified Cauchy probability density function source modeling. The experimental results show that the proposed algorithm improves the average peak signal-to-noise ratio in 0.28 and 0.35 dB with respect to two well-known rate control schemes, while maintaining similar peak signal-to-noise ratio standard deviation and buffer occupancy evolution.
Published in: 2009 Picture Coding Symposium : PCS, 10.1109/PCS.2009.5167438, IEEE