Wind of Change or Wind of Challenges: Implementation factors regarding wind energy development, an international perspective

dc.contributor.authorGartman, Victoria
dc.contributor.authorWichmann, Kathrin
dc.contributor.authorBulling, Lea
dc.contributor.authorHuesca-Pérez, María Elena
dc.contributor.authorKöppel, Johann
dc.date.accessioned2022-10-12T11:29:12Z
dc.date.available2022-10-12T11:29:12Z
dc.date.issued2014-12-17
dc.description.abstractCountries promoting renewable energies encounter a variety of phenomena that can challenge the implementation of further onshore wind energy development. Those challenges can be observed in many multi-level governance systems, as exhibited in the U.S., Germany, and Mexico, where various regulatory and institutional levels must agree on goals and responsibilities. This is a challenge, as both forms of governance (top-down and bottom-up dominated) are present in wind energy planning and policy. (1) Political and market phenomena, (2) siting issues, (3) the green vs. green dilemma, and (4) social acceptance are selected challenges within the different levels of decision-making processes in wind energy implementation. (1) Political and financial factors can influence the development by implementing incentive- and market-based policies, command-and-control policies, and feed-in tariffs. However, success of these policy designs for renewable energies is based on different political environments, and their electricity markets nationally, regionally, or statewide. (2) Spatial limitations in planning are created based on limited land availability due to conflicts with other land uses such as aviation, nature reserves, residential areas, their respective buffers. (3) The "green vs. green" dilemma involves the incoherent relationship between policies promoting renewable energies with policies protection species and their environments, becoming a major point of concern during siting and operations of wind energy. (4) Lastly, while there is a general overall support for wind energy, social acceptance on a local level is influenced by institutional settings i.e. information availability, as well as public and stakeholder concerns. Involvement in decision-making as well as financial participation (e.g. community-ownership) affects public participation and acceptance. This paper goes into detail on these phenomena and discusses case studies in Europe and North America. Often, these challenges can enhance outlooks in policy and planning, posing solutions to wind energy challenges even in sensitive environments and triggering innovations such as adaptive management.en
dc.identifier.eissn2333-8334
dc.identifier.issn2333-8326
dc.identifier.urihttps://depositonce.tu-berlin.de/handle/11303/17571
dc.identifier.urihttps://doi.org/10.14279/depositonce-16352
dc.language.isoen
dc.relation.ispartof10.14279/depositonce-15269
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subject.ddc620 Ingenieurwissenschaften und zugeordnete Tätigkeitende
dc.subject.otherwind energyen
dc.subject.othermulti-level governanceen
dc.subject.otherpolicy factorsen
dc.subject.othersitingen
dc.subject.othergreen vs. greenen
dc.subject.othersocial acceptanceen
dc.subject.otheradaptive managementen
dc.titleWind of Change or Wind of Challenges: Implementation factors regarding wind energy development, an international perspectiveen
dc.typeArticle
dc.type.versionpublishedVersion
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.doi10.3934/energy.2014.4.485
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.issue4
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.journaltitleAIMS Energy
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.originalpublishernameAIMS Press
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.originalpublisherplaceSpringfield, Mo.
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.pageend504
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.pagestart485
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.volume2
tub.accessrights.dnbfree
tub.affiliationTechnische Universität Berlin::Fak. 6 Planen Bauen Umwelt::Inst. Landschaftsarchitektur und Umweltplanung::FG Umweltprüfung und Umweltplanung
tub.publisher.universityorinstitutionTechnische Universität Berlin
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