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Semantic-Fusion Gans for Semi-Supervised Satellite Image Classification

Roy, Subhankar; Sangineto, Enver; Demir, Begüm; Sebe, Nicu

Most of the public satellite image datasets contain only a small number of annotated images. The lack of a sufficient quantity of labeled data for training is a bottleneck for the use of modern deep-learning based classification approaches in this domain. In this paper we propose a semi -supervised approach to deal with this problem. We use the discriminator (D) of a Generative Adversarial Network (GAN) as the final classifier, and we train D using both labeled and unlabeled data. The main novelty we introduce is the representation of the visual information fed to D by means of two different channels: the original image and its “semantic” representation, the latter being obtained by means of an external network trained on ImageNet. The two channels are fused in D and jointly used to classify fake images, real labeled and real unlabeled images. We show that using only 100 labeled images, the proposed approach achieves an accuracy close to 69% and a significant improvement with respect to other GAN-based semi-supervised methods. Although we have tested our approach only on satellite images, we do not use any domain-specific knowledge. Thus, our method can be applied to other semi-supervised domains.
Published in: 2018 25th IEEE International Conference on Image Processing (ICIP), 10.1109/ICIP.2018.8451836, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
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