A meta-analysis on the effectiveness of anthropomorphism in human-robot interaction

dc.contributor.authorRoesler, Eileen
dc.contributor.authorManzey, Dietrich
dc.contributor.authorOnnasch, Linda
dc.date.accessioned2021-10-01T14:04:59Z
dc.date.available2021-10-01T14:04:59Z
dc.date.issued2021-09-08
dc.description.abstractThe application of anthropomorphic design features is widely assumed to facilitate human-robot interaction (HRI). However, a considerable number of study results point in the opposite direction. There is currently no comprehensive common ground on the circumstances under which anthropomorphism promotes interaction with robots. Our meta-analysis aims to close this gap. A total of 4856 abstracts were scanned. After an extensive evaluation, 78 studies involving around 6000 participants and 187 effect sizes were included in this meta-analysis. The majority of the studies addressed effects on perceptual aspects of robots. In addition, effects on attitudinal, affective, and behavioral aspects were also investigated. Overall, a medium positive effect size was found, indicating a beneficial effect of anthropomorphic design features on human-related outcomes. However, closer scrutiny of the lowest variable level revealed no positive effect for perceived safety, empathy, and task performance. Moreover, the analysis suggests that positive effects of anthropomorphism depend heavily on various moderators. For example, anthropomorphism was in contrast to other fields of application, constantly facilitating social HRI. The results of this analysis provide insights into how design features can be used to improve the quality of HRI. Moreover, they reveal areas in which more research is needed before any clear conclusions about the effects of anthropomorphic robot design can be drawn.en
dc.identifier.eissn2470-9476
dc.identifier.urihttps://depositonce.tu-berlin.de/handle/11303/13659
dc.identifier.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.14279/depositonce-12447
dc.language.isoenen
dc.relation.ispartof10.14279/depositonce-16948
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/en
dc.subject.ddc600 Technik, Technologiede
dc.subject.otheranthropomorphismen
dc.subject.otherhuman-robot interactionen
dc.subject.otherdesignen
dc.titleA meta-analysis on the effectiveness of anthropomorphism in human-robot interactionen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.type.versionacceptedVersionen
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.doi10.1126/scirobotics.abj5425en
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.issue58en
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.journaltitleScience Roboticsen
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.originalpublishernameAAASen
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.originalpublisherplaceWashington, DCen
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.volume6en
tub.accessrights.dnbfreeen
tub.affiliationFak. 5 Verkehrs- und Maschinensysteme::Inst. Psychologie und Arbeitswissenschaft::FG Arbeits-, Ingenieur- und Organisationspsychologiede
tub.affiliation.facultyFak. 5 Verkehrs- und Maschinensystemede
tub.affiliation.groupFG Arbeits-, Ingenieur- und Organisationspsychologiede
tub.affiliation.instituteInst. Psychologie und Arbeitswissenschaftde
tub.publisher.universityorinstitutionTechnische Universität Berlinen

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