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Analysis of Berlin's taxi services by exploring GPS traces

Bischoff, Joschka; Maciejewski, Michał; Sohr, Alexander

FG Verkehrssystemplanung und Verkehrstelematik

With current on-board GPS devices a lot of data is being collected while operating taxis. This paper focuses on analysing travel behaviour and vehicle supply of the Berlin taxi market using floating car data (FCD) for one week each in 2013 and 2014. The data suggests that there is generally a demand peak on workday mornings and a second peak over a longer time in the afternoon. On weekends, the demand peaks shift towards the night. On the supply side, drivers seem to adapt to the demand peaks very efficiently, with fewer taxis being available at times of low demand, such as during midday. A spatial analysis shows that most taxi trips take place either within the city centre or from/to Tegel Airport, the city's largest single origin and destination. Drivers spend a large amount of their work time on waiting for customers and the taxi rank at Tegel Airport is the most popular one.