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Combined automotive safety and security pattern engineering approach

Martin, Helmut; Ma, Z.; Schmittner, Christoph; Winkler, Bernhard; Krammer, Martin; Schneider, Daniel; Amorim, Tiago; Macher, Georg; Kreiner, Christian

Automotive systems will exhibit increased levels of automation as well as ever tighter integration with other vehicles, traffic infrastructure, and cloud services. From safety perspective, this can be perceived as boon or bane - it greatly increases complexity and uncertainty, but at the same time opens up new opportunities for realizing innovative safety functions. Moreover, cybersecurity becomes important as additional concern because attacks are now much more likely and severe. However, there is a lack of experience with security concerns in context of safety engineering in general and in automotive safety departments in particular. To address this problem, we propose a systematic pattern-based approach that interlinks safety and security patterns and provides guidance with respect to selection and combination of both types of patterns in context of system engineering. A combined safety and security pattern engineering workflow is proposed to provide systematic guidance to support non-expert engineers based on best practices. The application of the approach is shown and demonstrated by an automotive case study and different use case scenarios.
Published in: Reliability Engineering & System Safety, 10.1016/j.ress.2019.106773, Elsevier