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One-dimensional biological model of synovial joints regenerative rehabilitation in osteoarthritis

Popov, Valentin L.; Poliakov, Aleksandr; Pakhaliuk, Vladimir

This work is devoted to the study of a one-dimensional phenomenological model of a focal defect regenerative rehabilitation in the articular cartilage. The model is based on six differential equations in partial derivatives of the “Diffusion-Reaction” type, which was previously used by a number of authors to study cellular processes in various tissues under cell therapy conditions. To take into account the influence of moderate mechanical stimulation of immature tissue, an indirect approach was used, as a result of which some model parameters that directly affect cell proliferation and differentiation were varied considering experimental data. The results of the model study show that moderate stimulation of immature tissue in the early stages of repair the focal articular cartilage defect under conditions of cell therapy leads to an intensification of regenerative processes in the tissue and promotes more rapid formation of the extracellular matrix.
Published in: Facta Universitatis. Series Mechanical Engineering, 10.22190/FUME220203014P, University of Niš