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FIMCAR XIII: Cost Benefit Analysis

Edwards, Mervyn; Wisch, Marcus; Pastor, Claus; Price, Jennifer; Broughton, Jeremy; Adolph, Thorsten

Inst. Land- und Seeverkehr (ILS)

Although the number of road accident casualties in Europe is falling the problem still remains substantial. In 2011 there were still over 30,000 road accident fatalities [EC 2012]. Approximately half of these were car occupants and about 60 percent of these occurred in frontal impacts. The next stage to improve a car’s safety performance in frontal impacts is to improve its compatibility for car-to-car impacts and for collisions against objects and HGVs. Compatibility consists of improving both a car’s self and partner protection in a manner such that there is good interaction with the collision partner and the impact energy is absorbed in the car’s frontal structures in a controlled way which results in a reduction of injuries. Over the last ten years much research has been performed which has found that there are four main factors related to a car’s compatibility [Edwards 2003, Edwards 2007]. These are structural interaction potential, frontal force matching, compartment strength and the compartment deceleration pulse and related restraint system performance. The objective of the FIMCAR FP7 EC-project was to develop an assessment approach suitable for regulatory application to control a car’s frontal impact and compatibility crash performance and perform an associated cost benefit analysis for its implementation.