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Influence of Profile Geometry on Frictional Energy Dissipation in a Dry, Compliant Steel-on-Steel Fretting Contact: Macroscopic Modeling and Experiment

Willert, Emanuel

Dry, frictional steel-on-steel contacts under small-scale oscillations are considered experimentally and theoretically. As indenting bodies, spheres, and truncated spheres are used to retrace the transition from smooth to sharp contact profile geometries. The experimental apparatus is built as a compliant setup, with the characteristic macroscopic values of stiffness being comparable to or smaller than the contact stiffness of the fretting contact. A hybrid macroscopic–contact model is formulated to predict the time development of the macroscopic contact quantities (forces and global relative surface displacements), which are measured in the experiments. The model is well able to predict the macroscopic behavior and, accordingly, the frictional hysteretic losses observed in the experiment. The change of the indenter profile from spherical to truncated spherical “pushes” the fretting contact towards the sliding regime if the nominal normal force and tangential displacement oscillation amplitude are kept constant. The transition of the hysteretic behavior, depending on the profile geometry from the perfectly spherical to the sharp flat-punch profile, occurs for the truncated spherical indenter within a small margin of the radius of its flat face. Already for a flat face radius which is roughly equal to the contact radius for the spherical case, the macroscopic hysteretic behavior cannot be distinguished from a flat punch contact with the same radius. The compliance of the apparatus (i.e., the macrosystem) can have a large influence on the energy dissipation and the fretting regime. Below a critical value for the stiffness, the fretting contact exhibits a sharp transition to the “sticking” regime. However, if the apparatus stiffness is large enough, the hysteretic behavior can be controlled by changing the profile geometry.
Published in: Machines, 10.3390/machines11040484, MDPI