Contingency factors on university spin-off formation: an empirical study in Germany

dc.contributor.authorLautenschläger, Arndt
dc.contributor.authorHaase, Heiko
dc.contributor.authorKratzer, Jan
dc.date.accessioned2017-10-26T12:13:52Z
dc.date.available2017-10-26T12:13:52Z
dc.date.issued2014
dc.descriptionDieser Beitrag ist mit Zustimmung des Rechteinhabers aufgrund einer (DFG geförderten) Allianz- bzw. Nationallizenz frei zugänglich.de
dc.descriptionThis publication is with permission of the rights owner freely accessible due to an Alliance licence and a national licence (funded by the DFG, German Research Foundation) respectively.en
dc.description.abstractPurpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate contingency factors on the emergence of university spin-off firms. The institutional and organisational factors the paper explores comprise the transfer potential of the university, the strategy and characteristics of the University Technology Transfer Organisations and specific support for spin-off formation. Design/methodology/approach – Based on a unique data set, this cross-sectional study analyses the population of 54 higher education institutions in Germany. At this, 31.4 per cent of the German universities with technology transfer activities participated in this study. Findings – The research identifies a high degree of heterogeneity in the qualification of University Technology Transfer Offices (UTTO) staff and the existence of an entrepreneurship support programme as important antecedents of spin-off formation. In addition, the results reveal that pursuing different or multiple transfer strategies will not be detrimental to the establishment of spin-offs. Practical implications – It seems that there is still a lack of consensus with respect to the importance of spin-offs as an effective channel to transform research results into economic value. Furthermore, universities aiming at the promotion of spin-offs need appropriate regulations which do not jeopardise the usage of research outcomes for entrepreneurial purposes. Originality/value – This study contributes to enhance the knowledge on what promotes and inhibits the formation of university spin-off firms, as it first analyses a considerable population of UTTOs in Germany and explicitly considers underexplored and new contingency factors.en
dc.identifier.issn2045-2101
dc.identifier.urihttps://depositonce.tu-berlin.de//handle/11303/7042
dc.identifier.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.14279/depositonce-6363
dc.language.isoen
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
dc.subject.ddc330 Wirtschaft
dc.subject.ddc650 Management und unterstützende Tätigkeiten
dc.subject.otherGermanyen
dc.subject.otheruniversitiesen
dc.subject.otheracademic entrepreneurshipen
dc.subject.otherspin-off firmsen
dc.subject.othertechnology transfer officesen
dc.titleContingency factors on university spin-off formation: an empirical study in Germanyen
dc.typeArticle
dc.type.versionpublishedVersion
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.doi10.1108/jepp-02-2012-0013
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.issue1
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.journaltitleJournal of entrepreneurship and public policyen
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.originalpublishernameEmerald
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.originalpublisherplaceBingley
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.pageend176
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.pagestart160
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.volume3
tub.accessrights.dnbdomain
tub.affiliationFak. 7 Wirtschaft und Management>Inst. Technologie und Management (ITM)>FG Entrepreneurship & Innovationsmanagement (EIM)de
tub.affiliation.facultyFak. 7 Wirtschaft und Managementde
tub.affiliation.groupFG Entrepreneurship & Innovationsmanagement (EIM)de
tub.affiliation.instituteInst. Technologie und Management (ITM)de
tub.publisher.universityorinstitutionTechnische Universität Berlin
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