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Cycloaddition Chemistry of a Silylene‐Nickel Complex toward Organic π‐Systems: From Reversibility to C−H Activation

Hadlington, Terrance J.; Kostenko, Arseni; Drieß, Matthias

FG Metallorganische Chemie und Anorganische Materialien

The versatile cycloaddition chemistry of the Si−Ni multiple bond in the acyclic (amido)(chloro)silylene→Ni0 complex 1, [(TMSL)ClSi→Ni(NHC)2] (TMSL=N(SiMe3)Dipp; Dipp=2,6‐iPr2C6H4; NHC=C[(iPr)NC(Me)]2), toward unsaturated organic substrates is reported, which is both reminiscent of and expanding on the reactivity patterns of classical Fischer and Schrock carbene–metal complexes. Thus, 1:1 reaction of 1 with aldehydes, imines, alkynes, and even alkenes proceed to yield [2+2] cycloaddition products, leading to a range of four‐membered metallasilacycles. This cycloaddition is in fact reversible for ethylene, whereas addition of an excess of this olefin leads to quantitative sp2‐CH bond activation, via a 1‐nickela‐4‐silacyclohexane intermediate. These results have been supported by DFT calculations giving insights into key mechanistic aspects.