Motion‐compensated fat‐water imaging for 3D cardiac MRI at ultra‐high fields
Purpose: Respiratory motion‐compensated (MC) 3D cardiac fat‐water imaging at 7T. Methods: Free‐breathing bipolar 3D triple‐echo gradient‐recalled‐echo (GRE) data with radial phase‐encoding (RPE) trajectory were acquired in 11 healthy volunteers (7M\4F, 21–35 years, mean: 30 years) with a wide range of body mass index (BMI; 19.9–34.0 kg/m2) and volunteer tailored B1+ shimming. The bipolar‐corrected triple‐echo GRE‐RPE data were binned into different respiratory phases (self‐navigation) and were used for the estimation of non‐rigid motion vector fields (MF) and respiratory resolved (RR) maps of the main magnetic field deviations (ΔB0). RR ΔB0 maps and MC ΔB0 maps were compared to a reference respiratory phase to assess respiration‐induced changes. Subsequently, cardiac binned fat‐water images were obtained using a model‐based, respiratory motion‐corrected image reconstruction. Results: The 3D cardiac fat‐water imaging at 7T was successfully demonstrated. Local respiration‐induced frequency shifts in MC ΔB0 maps are small compared to the chemical shifts used in the multi‐peak model. Compared to the reference exhale ΔB0 map these changes are in the order of 10 Hz on average. Cardiac binned MC fat‐water reconstruction reduced respiration induced blurring in the fat‐water images, and flow artifacts are reduced in the end‐diastolic fat‐water separated images. Conclusion: This work demonstrates the feasibility of 3D fat‐water imaging at UHF for the entire human heart despite spatial and temporal B1+ and B0 variations, as well as respiratory and cardiac motion.
Published in: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, 10.1002/mrm.29144, Wiley