Multimodal Accessibility to Primary Health Services for the Elderly: A Case Study of Naples, Italy

dc.contributor.authorCarpentieri, Gerardo
dc.contributor.authorGuida, Carmen
dc.contributor.authorMasoumi, Houshmand E.
dc.date.accessioned2020-04-30T15:03:40Z
dc.date.available2020-04-30T15:03:40Z
dc.date.issued2020-01-21
dc.date.updated2020-03-06T17:52:08Z
dc.description.abstractIn Europe, the share of people aged 65 years and above is expected to increase exponentially, and in 2050, for the first time in human history, the number of older people will be larger than the number of children under the age of 15. Aging is associated with increased vulnerability and dependence on medical care services. For these reasons, providing access to health services to people aged 65 years and over is crucial. From the perspective of social equity, everyone should have the opportunity to access healthcare services equally, but due to economic and geographical issues, achieving this level of equity is challenging. The aim of this study was to fill the gap between scientific and actual practices using an accessibility measure to evaluate urban accessibility to primary healthcare services and to support decision-makers to better allocate resources in local restructuring of welfare policies. The accessibility measure was designed considering both the land use and the transportation components, the local healthcare supply system, and a multimodal transportation network. The methodology was applied to the city of Naples considering Local Health Agency (ASL) healthcare services to the elderly. The ASL is the largest health agency in Europe, consisting of 17 buildings serving nearly 200,000 elderly. The results show that the entire elderly neighborhood population suffers from poor accessibility to primary health services, especially in the city suburbs, and that the methodology could be effectively applied to urban planning strategies to achieve a high quality of life for elderly people. Due to poor dialogue between the authorities, this could help to improve the decision-making process through the lens of social equity.en
dc.identifier.eissn2071-1050
dc.identifier.urihttps://depositonce.tu-berlin.de/handle/11303/11060
dc.identifier.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.14279/depositonce-9948
dc.language.isoenen
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en
dc.subject.ddc360 Soziale Probleme und Sozialdienste; Verbändede
dc.subject.otheraccessibilityen
dc.subject.otherelderlyen
dc.subject.otherGISen
dc.titleMultimodal Accessibility to Primary Health Services for the Elderly: A Case Study of Naples, Italyen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.type.versionpublishedVersionen
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.articlenumber781en
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.doi10.3390/su12030781en
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.issue3en
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.journaltitleSustainabilityen
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.originalpublishernameMDPIen
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.originalpublisherplaceBaselen
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.volume12en
tub.accessrights.dnbfreeen
tub.affiliationZentrale & sonstige Einrichtungen>Zentrum Technik und Gesellschaft (ZTG)de
tub.affiliation.facultyZentrale & sonstige Einrichtungende
tub.affiliation.groupZentrum Technik und Gesellschaft (ZTG)de
tub.publisher.universityorinstitutionTechnische Universität Berlinen
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