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Self-adjoint differential-algebraic equations

Kunkel, Peter; Mehrmann, Volker; Scholz, Lena

Preprint-Reihe des Instituts für Mathematik, Technische Universität Berlin

Motivated from linear-quadratic optimal control problems for differential-algebraic equations (DAEs), we study the functional analytic properties of the operator associated with the necessary optimality boundary value problem and show that it is associated with a self-conjugate operator and a self-adjoint pair of matrix functions. We then study general self-adjoint pairs of matrix valued functions and derive condensed forms under orthogonal congruence transformations that preserve the self-adjointness. We analyze the relationship between self-adjoint DAEs and Hamiltonian systems with symplectic flows. We also show how to extract self-adjoint and Hamiltonian reduced systems from derivative arrays.