Emerging Urban Forests: Opportunities for Promoting the Wild Side of the Urban Green Infrastructure

dc.contributor.authorKowarik, Ingo
dc.contributor.authorHiller, Anne
dc.contributor.authorPlanchuelo, Greg
dc.contributor.authorSeitz, Birgit
dc.contributor.authorvon der Lippe, Moritz
dc.contributor.authorBuchholz, Sascha
dc.date.accessioned2020-01-13T09:51:34Z
dc.date.available2020-01-13T09:51:34Z
dc.date.issued2019-11-11
dc.date.updated2019-12-13T04:41:13Z
dc.description.abstractMany cities aim to increase urban forest cover to benefit residents through the provision of ecosystem services and to promote biodiversity. As a complement to traditional forest plantings, we address opportunities associated with “emerging urban forests” (i.e., spontaneously developing forests in cities) for urban biodiversity conservation. We quantified the area of successional forests and analyzed the species richness of native and alien plants and of invertebrates (carabid beetles, spiders) in emerging forests dominated by alien or native trees, including Robinia pseudoacacia, Acer platanoides, and Betula pendula. Emerging urban forests were revealed as shared habitats of native and alien species. Native species richness was not profoundly affected by the alien (co-)dominance of the canopy. Instead, native and alien plant species richnesses were positively related. Numbers of endangered plants and invertebrates did not differ between native- and alien-dominated forest patches. Patterns of tree regeneration indicate different successional trajectories for novel forest types. We conclude that these forests (i) provide habitats for native and alien species, including some endangered species, (ii) allow city dwellers to experience wild urban nature, and (iii) support arguments for adapting forests to dynamic urban environments. Integrating emerging urban forests into the urban green infrastructure is a promising pathway to sustainable cities and can complement traditional restoration or greening approaches.en
dc.description.sponsorshipBMBF, 01LC1501, Bridging in Biodiversity Science (BIBS)en
dc.identifier.eissn2071-1050
dc.identifier.urihttps://depositonce.tu-berlin.de/handle/11303/10589
dc.identifier.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.14279/depositonce-9515
dc.language.isoenen
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en
dc.subject.ddc333 Boden- und Energiewirtschaftde
dc.subject.otherbiodiversity conservationen
dc.subject.othercemeteriesen
dc.subject.otherendangered speciesen
dc.subject.otherinvasive tree speciesen
dc.subject.otherplant invasionsen
dc.subject.otherpassive restorationen
dc.subject.otherrewildingen
dc.subject.othersecondary successionen
dc.subject.otherurban woodlanden
dc.subject.otherurban wildernessen
dc.titleEmerging Urban Forests: Opportunities for Promoting the Wild Side of the Urban Green Infrastructureen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.type.versionpublishedVersionen
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.articlenumber6318en
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.doi10.3390/su11226318en
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.issue22en
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.journaltitleSustainabilityen
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.originalpublishernameMDPIen
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.originalpublisherplaceBaselen
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.volume11en
tub.accessrights.dnbfreeen
tub.affiliationFak. 6 Planen Bauen Umwelt>Inst. Ökologie>FG Ökosystemkunde / Pflanzenökologiede
tub.affiliation.facultyFak. 6 Planen Bauen Umweltde
tub.affiliation.groupFG Ökosystemkunde / Pflanzenökologiede
tub.affiliation.instituteInst. Ökologiede
tub.publisher.universityorinstitutionTechnische Universität Berlinen
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