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Synthesis and Crystal Structure of Nb0.84N

Frenzel, Nancy; Irran, Elisabeth; Lerch, Martin; Buchsteiner, Alexandra

Inst. Chemie

A new compound of the composition Nb0.84N was prepared by ammonolysis of NbO2 at 1100 °C. The crystal structure refinement was performed by the Rietveld method using X-ray and neutron powder diffraction data. Nb0.84N crystallizes in the trigonal space group R3m (no. 166) with the lattice parameters a = 298.5(2) and c = 2384.3(4) pm. The niobium atoms form a close packing with a layer sequence which can be described by the Jagodzinski symbol hhc. The nitrogen atoms fill all octahedral voids. Along [001] a sequence of two layers of trigonal NbN6 prisms and one layer of NbN6 octahedra is formed. The nitrogen positions are fully occupied, the niobium positions only partially. Nb0.84N is part of a family of crystal structures between the anti-NiAs and the NaCl type consisting of close-packed metal layers with varying stacking sequences