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Wide Scale Characterization and Modeling of the Vibration and Damping Behavior of CFRP-Elastomer-Metal Laminates—Comparison and Discussion of Different Test Setups

Sessner, Vincent; Liebig, Wilfried V.; Jackstadt, Alexander; Schmid, Dominik; Ehrig, Tom; Holeczek, Klaudiusz; Gräbner, Nils; Kostka, Pawel; von Wagner, Utz; Weidenmann, Kay A.; Kärger, Luise

The investigated hybrid carbon fiber reinforced plastics-elastomer-metal laminates (HyCEML) offer the potential of tailored structural materials with adaptable damping properties. Conventional fiber metal laminates, like glass laminate aluminum reinforced epoxy are already widely spread in the aviation industry owing to their outstanding fatigue behavior. By integrating an elastomeric interlayer, the glass fibers can be substituted by carbon fibers and damping properties of these laminates can be adjusted. The viscoelastic interlayer dissipates energy within the laminate by inducing shear strain during bending, which is commonly known as constrained layer damping. The aim of this paper is the description of the vibration and damping behavior of HyCEML over a wide temperature and frequency range by using different test methods. Dynamic mechanical analysis is used for the individual polymeric constituents and coupon specimens and modal analysis is used with different specimen geometries up to a component sized panel. In addition, analytical and numerical approaches complement the experiments and lead to a deeper understanding of the vibration and damping behavior. Owing to the high damping, already at frequencies of 5 kHz only running waves can be detected for the investigated panel size. The discussion of different test methods helps to identify material and wavelength dependent effects, but also possible adverse effects of certain methods.
Published in: Applied Composite Materials, 10.1007/s10443-021-09934-7, Springer Nature