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A 310 nm optically pumped AlGaN vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser

Hjort, Filip; Enslin, Johannes; Cobet, Munise; Bergmann, Michael A.; Gustavsson, Johan; Kolbe, Tim; Knauer, Arne; Nippert, Felix; Häusler, Ines; Wagner, Markus R.; Wernicke, Tim; Kneissl, Michael; Haglund, Åsa

Ultraviolet light is essential for disinfection, fluorescence excitation, curing, and medical treatment. An ultraviolet light source with the small footprint and excellent optical characteristics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs) may enable new applications in all these areas. Until now, there have only been a few demonstrations of ultraviolet-emitting VCSELs, mainly optically pumped, and all with low Al-content AlGaN cavities and emission near the bandgap of GaN (360 nm). Here, we demonstrate an optically pumped VCSEL emitting in the UVB spectrum (280–320 nm) at room temperature, having an Al0.60Ga0.40N cavity between two dielectric distributed Bragg reflectors. The double dielectric distributed Bragg reflector design was realized by substrate removal using electrochemical etching. Our method is further extendable to even shorter wavelengths, which would establish a technology that enables VCSEL emission from UVA (320–400 nm) to UVC (<280 nm).
Published in: ACS Photonics, 10.1021/acsphotonics.0c01382, American Chemical Society (ACS)