High frequency operation of an integrated electro-absorption modulator onto a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser
We present in this paper the vertical integration of an electro-absorption modulator (EAM) onto a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL). We discuss the design, fabrication, and measured characteristics of the combined VCSEL and EAM. We previously demonstrated a standalone EAM with an optical bandwidth around 30 GHz. In this paper we present for the first time an optical bandwidth of 30 GHz for an EAM integrated onto a VCSEL. This device exhibits single-mode operation and a very low chirp, below 0.1 nm, even with a modulation depth of 70% which makes this device very competitive for high-speed communications in data centers.
Published in: Journal of Physics: Photonics, 10.1088/2515-7647/aaf5af, IOP