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In situ/operando plug-flow fixed-bed cell for synchrotron PXRD and XAFS investigations at high temperature, pressure, controlled gas atmosphere and ultra-fast heating

Bischoff, Benjamin; Bekheet, Maged F.; Dal Molin, Emiliano; Praetz, Sebastian; Kanngießer, Birgit; Schomäcker, Reinhard; Etter, Martin; Jeppesen, Henrik S.; Tayal, Akhil; Gurlo, Aleksander; Gili, Albert

A plug-flow fixed-bed cell for synchrotron powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) and X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) idoneous for the study of heterogeneous catalysts at high temperature, pressure and under gas flow is designed, constructed and demonstrated. The operating conditions up to 1000°C and 50 bar are ensured by a set of mass flow controllers, pressure regulators and two infra-red lamps that constitute a robust and ultra-fast heating and cooling method. The performance of the system and cell for carbon dioxide hydrogenation reactions under specified temperatures, gas flows and pressures is demonstrated both for PXRD and XAFS at the P02.1 (PXRD) and the P64 (XAFS) beamlines of the Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY).
Published in: Journal of Synchrotron Radiation, 10.1107/s1600577523009591, Wiley