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Singleshot polychromatic coherent diffractive imaging with a high-order harmonic source

Malm, Erik; Wikmark, Hampus; Pfau, Bastian; Villanueva-Perez, Pablo; Rudawski, Piotr; Peschel, Jasper; Maclot, Sylvain; Schneider, Michael; Eisebitt, Stefan; Mikkelsen, Anders; L’Huillier, Anne; Johnsson, Per

FG Röntgenoptik und Nanometer-Optik

Singleshot polychromatic coherent diffractive imaging is performed with a high-intensity high-order harmonic generation source. The coherence properties are analyzed and several reconstructions show the shot-to-shot fluctuations of the incident beam wavefront. The method is based on a multi-step approach. First, the spectrum is extracted from double-slit diffraction data. The spectrum is used as input to extract the monochromatic sample diffraction pattern, then phase retrieval is performed on the quasi-monochromatic data to obtain the sample’s exit surface wave. Reconstructions based on guided error reduction (ER) and alternating direction method of multipliers (ADMM) are compared. ADMM allows additional penalty terms to be included in the cost functional to promote sparsity within the reconstruction.
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