Multi-GNSS precise point positioning with predicted orbits and clocks
Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) Real-time Precise Point Positioning (RT-PPP) strongly relies on the precise satellite orbits and clocks, especially the latter requires high update rate, e.g., five seconds, due to its limited prediction accuracy. Such a high-rate update frequency is a burden to both the data analysis and communicating, and interruption in communicating is almost unavoidable. For the new constellations such as Galileo and BDS-3 with high-stability hydrogen clocks onboard, it is possible to predict satellite clocks to a longer arc. Moreover, recent developments in multi-GNSS ultra-rapid precise orbit determination enables the half-hourly update, ensuring the availability with a prediction arc of 30–60 min. We investigate multi-GNSS RT-PPP using half-hourly predicted products and demonstrate that a 3-D accuracy of 2.9 and 11.3 cm can be achieved for static and simulated kinematic solutions, respectively. We present the different clock prediction accuracies of different types of satellites and propose a satellite-specific weighting strategy in PPP, which exploits the benefits of the satellites of good performance. The method is based on the prediction accuracy of both, satellites and clocks, and shows an improvement of 15 to 60% compared to those without satellite-specific weighting or with simplified weighting strategies. We also demonstrate that Galileo satellites contribute the most in the quad-constellation solution, thanks to the highly stable satellite clocks.
Published in: GPS Solutions, 10.1007/s10291-023-01499-1, Springer Nature