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Miquel dynamics, Clifford lattices and the Dimer model

Affolter, Niklas C.

Miquel dynamics was introduced by Ramassamy as a discrete time evolution of square grid circle patterns on the torus. In each time step every second circle in the pattern is replaced with a new one by employing Miquel’s six circle theorem. Inspired by this dynamics we consider the local Miquel move, which changes the combinatorics and geometry of a circle pattern. We prove that the circle centers under Miquel dynamics are Clifford lattices, an integrable system considered by Konopelchenko and Schief. Clifford lattices have the combinatorics of an octahedral lattice, and every octahedron contains six intersection points of Clifford’s four circle configuration. The Clifford move replaces one of these circle intersection points with the opposite one. We establish a new connection between circle patterns and the dimer model: If the distances between circle centers are interpreted as edge weights, the Miquel move preserves probabilities in the sense of urban renewal.
Published in: Letters in mathematical physics, 10.1007/s11005-021-01406-0, Springer Nature