Cohort Differences in Psychosocial Function over 20 Years: Current Older Adults Feel Less Lonely and Less Dependent on External Circumstances

dc.contributor.authorHülür, Gizem
dc.contributor.authorDrewelies, Johanna
dc.contributor.authorEibich, Peter
dc.contributor.authorDüzel, Sandra
dc.contributor.authorDemuth, Ilja
dc.contributor.authorGhisletta, Paolo
dc.contributor.authorSteinhagen-Thiessen, Elisabeth
dc.contributor.authorWagner, Gert G.
dc.contributor.authorLindenberger, Ulman
dc.contributor.authorGerstorf, Denis
dc.date.accessioned2017-10-26T07:50:51Z
dc.date.available2017-10-26T07:50:51Z
dc.date.issued2016
dc.descriptionDieser Beitrag ist mit Zustimmung des Rechteinhabers aufgrund einer (DFG geförderten) Allianz- bzw. Nationallizenz frei zugänglich.de
dc.descriptionThis publication is with permission of the rights owner freely accessible due to an Alliance licence and a national licence (funded by the DFG, German Research Foundation) respectively.en
dc.description.abstractBackground: Lifespan psychological and life course sociological perspectives indicate that individual development is shaped by social and historical circumstances. Increases in fluid cognitive performance over the last century are well documented and researchers have begun examining historical trends in personality and subjective well-being in old age. Relatively less is known about secular changes in other key components of psychosocial function among older adults. Objective: In the present study, we examined cohort differences in key components of psychosocial function, including subjective age, control beliefs, and perceived social integration, as indicated by loneliness and availability of very close others. Methods: We compared data obtained 20 years apart in the Berlin Aging Study (in 1990-1993) and the Berlin Aging Study II (in 2013-2014) and identified case-matched cohort groups based on age, gender, cohort-normed education, and marital or partner status (n = 153 in each cohort, mean age = 75 years). In follow-up analyses, we controlled for having lived in former East versus West Germany, physical diseases, cohort-normed household income, cognitive performance, and the presence of a religious affiliation. Results: Consistently across analyses, we found that, relative to the earlier-born BASE cohort (year of birth: mean = 1916; SD = 3.38 years; range = 1901-1922), participants in the BASE-II sample (year of birth: mean = 1939; SD = 3.22 years; range = 1925-1949) reported lower levels of external control beliefs (d = -1.01) and loneliness (d = -0.63). Cohorts did not differ in subjective age, availability of very close others, and internal control beliefs. Conclusion: Taken together, our findings suggest that some aspects of psychosocial function of older adults have improved across the two recent decades. We discuss the possible role of sociocultural factors that might have led to the observed set of cohort differences.en
dc.identifier.eissn1423-0003
dc.identifier.issn0304-324X
dc.identifier.urihttps://depositonce.tu-berlin.de/handle/11303/7014
dc.identifier.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.14279/depositonce-6335
dc.language.isoen
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
dc.subject.ddc610 Medizin und Gesundheit
dc.subject.othercohorten
dc.subject.othersubjective ageen
dc.subject.otherlonelinessen
dc.subject.othercontrol beliefsen
dc.subject.othersociocultural factors|individual differencesen
dc.subject.otherBerlin aging Studyen
dc.subject.otherBerlinaging study IIen
dc.titleCohort Differences in Psychosocial Function over 20 Years: Current Older Adults Feel Less Lonely and Less Dependent on External Circumstancesen
dc.typeArticle
dc.type.versionpublishedVersion
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.doi10.1159/000438991
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.issue3
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.journaltitleGerontology
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.originalpublishernameKarger
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.originalpublisherplaceBasel, München
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.pageend361
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.pagestart354
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.volume62
tub.accessrights.dnbdomain
tub.affiliationFak. 7 Wirtschaft und Management::Inst. Volkswirtschaftslehre und Wirtschaftsrecht (IVWR)::FG Empirische Wirtschaftsforschung und Wirtschaftspolitikde
tub.affiliation.facultyFak. 7 Wirtschaft und Managementde
tub.affiliation.groupFG Empirische Wirtschaftsforschung und Wirtschaftspolitikde
tub.affiliation.instituteInst. Volkswirtschaftslehre und Wirtschaftsrecht (IVWR)de
tub.publisher.universityorinstitutionTechnische Universität Berlin

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