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The impact of lipases on the rheological behavior of colloidal silica nanoparticle stabilized Pickering emulsions for biocatalytical applications

Heyse, Anja; Kraume, Matthias; Drews, Anja

FG Lebensmitteltechnologie und -materialwissenschaften

FG Verfahrenstechnik

The use of Pickering emulsions for biocatalytical applications has recently received increased attention in cases where hydrophobic reactants are involved. For process applications, knowledge of the emulsion’s rheology is crucial for the fluid dynamical design of equipment and selection of operating conditions. Colloidal silica nanoparticle stabilized Pickering emulsions usually exhibit shear-thinning behavior caused by a complex particle-particle network. While this has been observed by many authors, no publication has yet dealt with the rheology of silica nanoparticle stabilized Pickering emulsions containing enzymes. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the impact of the commonly used biocatalyst lipase (type and concentration), the dispersed phase volume fraction and the silica particle concentration on the rheological behavior of water-in-oil Pickering emulsions. For this purpose, the impact of the named parameters on the viscosity curves were measured. Lipases reduced the viscosities and transferred the rheological behavior from shear-thinning to Newtonian, which might be due to interactions of the lipase molecules via the formation of intermolecular disulfide bonds, which disturb the hydrogen-bond based silica particle-particle network. However, by increasing the dispersed phase volume fraction or the silica particle concentration the rheological behavior of emulsions became again shear-thinning. This work will help to produce bioactive Pickering emulsions with tailor-made characteristics.