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The multiplex decomposition: An analytic framework for multilayer dynamical networks

Berner, Rico; Mehrmann, Volker; Schöll, Eckehard; Yanchuk, Serhiy

Multiplex networks are networks composed of multiple layers such that the number of nodes in all layers is the same and the adjacency matrices between the layers are diagonal. We consider the special class of multiplex networks where the adjacency matrices for each layer are simultaneously triagonalizable. For such networks, we derive the relation between the spectrum of the multiplex network and the eigenvalues of the individual layers. As an application, we propose a generalized master stability approach that allows for a simplified, low-dimensional description of the stability of synchronized solutions in multiplex networks. We illustrate our result with a duplex network of FitzHugh--Nagumo oscillators. In particular, we show how interlayer interaction can lead to stabilization or destabilization of the synchronous state. Finally, we give explicit conditions for the stability of synchronous solutions in duplex networks of linear diffusive systems.
Published in: SIAM Journal on Applied Dynamical Systems, 10.1137/21M1406180, SIAM
  • First Published in SIAM Journal on Applied Dynamical Systems in Volume 20, Issue 4 (2021), published by the Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics (SIAM).Copyright © by SIAM. Unauthorized reproduction of this article is prohibited.