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Influence of edge-deposited layers on mechanical and corrosion properties of laser beam welds of 15 mm thick AISI 2205 duplex stainless steel

Straße, Anne; Gumenyuk, Andrey; Rethmeier, Michael; Springer (Contributor)

AISI 2205 duplex stainless steel is used in a variety of industries, including the chemical and petrochemical industries. This is due to its high tensile strength combined with good ductility and corrosion resistance. However, in laser beam welding, these properties are negatively affected by the high cooling rates typical of the welding process. The resulting higher ferrite content in the weld metal than in the base material leads to a reduction in the ductility and corrosion resistance of the welded joint. To overcome this problem, in this study, thick plates were coated by direct energy deposition (DED) prior to laser beam welding, whereas a duplex powder mixture containing a higher nickel concentration was used as a coating material. To improve the weld quality for the proposed two-step process, a method of additional material deposition instead of conventional tack weld was investigated. The resulting welded joints showed a well-balanced austenite to ferrite ratio and their properties and microstructure were verified by metallographic analysis, electron backscatter diffraction and Charpy impact testing. Using the standard ASTM G48 test method, it was found that the corrosion resistance of the welds was improved by a factor of four in average compared to the conventionally welded joints. The resulting properties, such as good ductility and corrosion resistance, of the welds with pre-coated edges showed good agreement with those of the base metal and confirmed the proposed two-step process as a promising alternative to the conventional approaches for welding thick duplex stainless steel plates.
Published in: Welding in the World, 10.1007/s40194-023-01567-7, Springer Nature