Integrated nanophotonics for the development of fully functional quantum circuits based on on-demand single-photon emitters
In recent years, research on integrated quantum circuits has developed rapidly and exciting results have been achieved. The overarching goal of this emerging research direction in the field of modern quantum technology is the scalable integration of quantum functionality on robust chips. Such chips can work independently of one another, but it is even more interesting to develop them modularly for integration into larger quantum networks, thereby linking quantum computation and quantum communication in the same framework. In this context, the ongoing development and further optimization of integrated quantum circuits aim, inter alia, to achieve a quantum advantage in the area of quantum computing and to pave the way for multipartite quantum networks. The functionality of such chips is essentially based on single-photon operations, such as interference at beam splitters in combination with phase shifters in the field of linear optical quantum computing and Bell-state measurements for entanglement swapping in long-distance quantum networks. While individual functionalities such as CNOT gates and more complex quantum computing operations such as boson sampling in a combination of waveguide chips and external photon sources and detectors were successfully demonstrated, the field is currently facing the major challenge of integrating all necessary components monolithically on chip in order to exploit the full potential of integrated quantum nanophotonics. The present Perspective discusses the status and the present challenges of integrated quantum nanophotonics based on on-demand single-photon emitters and gives an outlook on required developments to enter the next level of fully functional quantum circuits for photonic quantum technology.
Published in: APL Photonics, 10.1063/5.0031628, American Institute of Physics (AIP)