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Towards classifier visualisation in 3D source space

Krol, Laurens R.; Mousavi, Mahta; De Sa, Virginia; Zander, Thorsten O.

In the context of brain-computer interfacing, it is important to investigate what regions of the brain a classifier focuses on. For one, this will clarify to what extent the classifier relies on brain activity, as opposed to undesirable non-cortical signals. More generally, the practice is informative as it allows conclusions to be drawn about the cortical regions-and thus, cortical functions-that contribute to the effect under investigation. In this study, we start to investigate different methods to visualise the regions of interest of classifiers based on windowed means and on common spatial patterns. Specifically, we take individually reconstructed source spaces and transform the classifier filter weights into relevance weights indicating the relative contribution of each source to the classifier. This is visualised across participants in an average brain. By decomposing the classifier weights into separate sources and localising these in the brain, this method provides a tool to evaluate classifiers and test hypotheses.
Published in: 2018 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics (SMC), 10.1109/SMC.2018.00022, IEEE