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Finitary M-adhesive categories

Gabriel, Karsten; Braatz, Benjamin; Ehrig, Hartmut; Golas, Ulrike

Finitary M-adhesive categories are M-adhesive categories with finite objects only, where M-adhesive categories are a slight generalisation of weak adhesive high-level replacement (HLR) categories. We say an object is finite if it has a finite number of M-subobjects. In this paper, we show that in finitary M-adhesive categories we not only have all the well-known HLR properties of weak adhesive HLR categories, which are already valid for M-adhesive categories, but also all the additional HLR requirements needed to prove classical results including the Local Church-Rosser, Parallelism, Concurrency, Embedding, Extension and Local Confluence Theorems, where the last of these is based on critical pairs. More precisely, we are able to show that finitary M-adhesive categories have a unique ε'-M factorisation and initial pushouts, and the existence of an M-initial object implies we also have finite coproducts and a unique ε' -M pair factorisation. Moreover, we can show that the finitary restriction of each M-adhesive category is a finitary M-adhesive category, and finitarity is preserved under functor and comma category constructions based on M-adhesive categories. This means that all the classical results are also valid for corresponding finitary M-adhesive transformation systems including several kinds of finitary graph and Petri net transformation systems. Finally, we discuss how some of the results can be extended to non-M-adhesive categories.
Published in: Mathematical structures in computer science, 10.1017/s0960129512000321, Cambridge University Press
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