Contribution to the Non-Lagrangian Formulation of Geotechnical and Geomechanical Processes
Numerical simulations of geomechanical and geotechnical processes, such as vibro-injection pile installation, require suitable algorithms and sufficiently realistic models. These models have to account for large deformations, the evolution of material interfaces including free surfaces and contact interfaces, for granular material behavior in different flow regimes as well as for the interaction of the different materials and phases. Although the traditional Lagrangian formulation is well-suited to handling complex material behavior and maintaining material interfaces, it generally cannot represent large deformation, shear and vorticity. This is because in Lagrangian numerical methods the storage points (nodes resp. material points) move with the local material velocity, which may cause mesh tangling resp. clustering of points. The present contribution addresses the development of models for geotechnical and geomechanical processes by utilizing Eulerian and Arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian (ALE) formulations. Such non-Lagrangian viewpoints introduce additional difficulties which are discussed in detail. In particular, we investigate how to track interfaces and to model interaction of different materials with respect to an arbitrarily moving control volume, and how to validate non-Lagrangian numerical models by small-scale experimental tests.
Published in: Holistic Simulation of Geotechnical Installation Processes, 10.1007/978-3-319-52590-7_3, Springer