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Agent-based modelling and simulation of tour planning in urban freight traffic

Martins-Turner, Kai; Nagel, Kai; Zilske, Michael

Freight traffic has grown in the last years and decades, and it is expected to grow further (see Schmiele et al. 2011; Stiegeler 2012). Especially in major cities, increasing levels of online-trade cause a shift toward smaller individual deliveries directly to the consumer (see Cerwenka et al. 2007). Supplying their own shops is of existential importance for classic retail groups. The creation of good or optimal tours is complicated significantly in areas with many destinations. Therefore, the aspect of tour planning is becoming more important for freight carriers. They strive to offer the highest possible service quality while at the same time keeping costs as low as possible (see Ehmke 2012).
Published in: Transportation Research Procedia, 10.1016/j.trpro.2019.09.054, Elsevier