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Buckling Analysis of Cylindrical Shells using Stochastic Finite Element Method with Random Geometric Imperfections

Li, Zheng; Pasternak, Hartmut; Geißler, Karsten

Thin‐walled cylindrical shells often exhibit buckling failure and the experimental buckling load is usually lower than calculation results from classical theory and simulation without geometrical imperfection. Besides, test results with carefully conducted similar specimens still have substantial scatter due to imperfection sensitivity. The nonlinear analysis with FEM can obtain a high‐precision result comparing the experiment. However, this is almost impossible in practical engineering. The initial geometric imperfections of cylindrical shells are complex and random properties. Theoretically, these geometric imperfections can be described using a random field or a Fourier series representation. After that a random sample of the buckling bearing capacity of the cylindrical shell can be obtained using the stochastic finite element method within the subsequent analysis. This paper presents the investigation of buckling analysis of cylindrical shells under axial compression considering the randomness of initial geometric imperfections, and the stochastic FEM is employed to calculate the statistical sample of the shell‐buckling load based on a series of random fields and Fourier series representation of geometric imperfections.
Published in: ce/papers, 10.1002/cepa.1803, Wiley