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Pressure-based lift estimation and its application to feedforward load control employing trailing-edge flaps

Bartholomay, Sirko; Wester, Tom T. B.; Perez-Becker, Sebastian; Konze, Simon; Menzel, Christian; Hölling, Michael; Spickenheuer, Axel; Peinke, Joachim; Nayeri, Christian N.; Paschereit, Christian Oliver; Oberleithner, Kilian

This experimental load control study presents results of an active trailing-edge flap feedforward controller for wind turbine applications. The controller input is derived from pressure-based lift estimation methods that rely either on a quasi-steady method, based on a three-hole probe, or on an unsteady method that is based on three selected surface pressure ports. Furthermore, a standard feedback controller, based on force balance measurements, is compared to the feedforward control. A Clark-Y airfoil is employed for the wing that is equipped with a trailing-edge flap of x/c=30% chordwise extension. Inflow disturbances are created by a two-dimensional active grid. The Reynolds number is Re=290 000, and reduced frequencies of k=0.07 up to k=0.32 are analyzed. Within the first part of the paper, the lift estimation methods are compared. The surface-pressure-based method shows generally more accurate results, whereas the three-hole probe estimate overpredicts the lift amplitudes with increasing frequencies. Nonetheless, employing the latter as input to the feedforward controller is more promising as a beneficial phase lead is introduced by this method. A successful load alleviation was achieved up to reduced frequencies of k=0.192.
Published in: Wind Energy Science Discussions, 10.5194/wes-6-221-2021, Copernicus