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Aeroelastic Stability of Combined Plunge-Pitch Mode Shapes in a Linear Compressor Cascade †

Hill, George; Gambel, Julian; Schneider, Sabine; Peitsch, Dieter; Stapelfeldt, Sina

Modern aeroengine designs strive for peak specific fuel and thermal efficiency. To achieve these goals, engines have more highly loaded compressor stages, thinner aerofoils, and blended titanium integrated disks (blisks) to reduce weight. These configurations promote the occurrence of aeroelastic phenomena such as flutter. Two important parameters known to influence flutter stability are the reduced frequency and the ratio of plunge and pitch components in a combined flap mode shape. These are used as design criteria in the engine development process. However, the limit of these criteria is not fully understood. The following research aims to bridge the gap between semi-analytical models and modern compressors by systematically investigating the flutter stability of a linear compressor cascade. This paper introduces the plunge-to-pitch incidence ratio, which is defined as a function of reduced frequency and pitch axis setback for a first flap (1F) mode shape. Using numerical simulations, in addition to experimental validation, aerodynamic damping is computed for many modes to build stability maps. The results confirm the importance of these two parameters in compressor aeroelastic stability as well as demonstrate the significance of the plunge-to-pitch incidence ratio for predicting the flutter limit.
Published in: International Journal of Turbomachinery, Propulsion and Power, 10.3390/ijtpp7010007, MDPI