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Orbit and spin resolved magnetic properties of size selected [ConRh](+) and [ConAu](+) nanoalloy clusters

Dieleman, Dennis; Tombers, Matthias; Peters, Lars; Meyer, Jennifer; Peredkov, Sergey; Jalink, Jeroen; Neeb, Matthias; Eberhardt, Wolfgang; Rasing, Theo; Niedner-Schatteburg, Gereon; Kirilyuk, Andrei

Bi-metallic nanoalloys of mixed 3d-4d or 3d-5d elements are promising candidates for technological applications. The large magnetic moment of the 3d materials in combination with a high spin-orbit coupling of the 4d or 5d materials give rise to a material with a large magnetic moment and a strong magnetic anisotropy, making them ideally suitable in for example magnetic storage devices. Especially for clusters, which already have a higher magnetic moment compared to the bulk, these alloys can profit from the cooperative role of alloying and size reduction in order to obtain magnetically stable materials with a large magnetic moment. Here, the influence of doping of small cobalt clusters on the spin and orbital magnetic moment has been studied for the cations [Co8-14Au](+) and [Co10-14Rh](+). Compared to the undoped pure cobalt [CoN](+) clusters we find a significant increase in the spin moment for specific CoN-1Au+ clusters and a very strong increase in the orbital moment for some CoN-1Rh+ clusters, with more than doubling for Co12Rh+. This result shows that substitutional doping of a 3d metal with even just one atom of a 4d or 5d metal can lead to dramatic changes in both spin and orbital moment, opening up the route to novel applications.
Published in: Physical chemistry, chemical physics, 10.1039/c5cp01923k, Royal Society of Chemistry