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Parameterized dynamic cluster editing

Luo, Junjie; Molter, Hendrik; Nichterlein, André; Niedermeier, Rolf

We introduce a dynamic version of the NP -hard graph modification problem Cluster Editing . The essential point here is to take into account dynamically evolving input graphs: having a cluster graph (that is, a disjoint union of cliques) constituting a solution for a first input graph, can we cost-efficiently transform it into a “similar” cluster graph that is a solution for a second (“subsequent”) input graph? This model is motivated by several application scenarios, including incremental clustering, the search for compromise clusterings, or also local search in graph-based data clustering. We thoroughly study six problem variants (three modification scenarios edge editing, edge deletion, edge insertion; each combined with two distance measures between cluster graphs). We obtain both fixed-parameter tractability as well as (parameterized) hardness results, thus (except for three open questions) providing a fairly complete picture of the parameterized computational complexity landscape under the two perhaps most natural parameterizations: the distances of the new “similar” cluster graph to (1) the second input graph and to (2) the input cluster graph.
Published in: Algorithmica, 10.1007/s00453-020-00746-y, SpringerNature