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Suppression of the quantum-confined Stark effect in polar nitride heterostructures

Schlichting, Sarah; Hönig, Gerald Martin Otto; Müßener, Jan; Hille, Pascal; Grieb, Tim; Westerkamp, Steffen; Teubert, Jörg; Schörmann, Jörg; Wagner, Markus R.; Rosenauer, Andreas; Eickhoff, Martin; Hoffmann, Axel; Callsen, Gordon

Recently, we suggested an unconventional approach (the so-called Internal-Field-Guarded-Active-Region Design “IFGARD”) for the elimination of the quantum-confined Stark effect in polar semiconductor heterostructures. The IFGARD-based suppression of the Stark redshift on the order of electronvolt and spatial charge carrier separation is independent of the specific polar semiconductor material or the related growth procedures. In this work, we demonstrate by means of micro-photoluminescence techniques the successful tuning as well as the elimination of the quantum-confined Stark effect in strongly polar [000-1] wurtzite GaN/AlN nanodiscs as evidenced by a reduction of the exciton lifetimes by up to four orders of magnitude. Furthermore, the tapered geometry of the utilized nanowires (which embed the investigated IFGARD nanodiscs) facilitates the experimental differentiation between quantum confinement and Stark emission energy shifts. Due to the IFGARD, both effects become independently adaptable.
Published in: Communications Physics, 10.1038/s42005-018-0044-1, Springer Nature