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Delay-induced dynamics and jitter reduction of passively mode-locked semiconductor lasers subject to optical feedback

Otto, C.; Lüdge, K.; Vladimirov, A. G.; Wolfrum, M.; Schöll, Eckehard

FG Nichtlineare Dynamik und Kontrolle

We study a passively mode-locked semiconductor ring laser subject to optical feedback from an external mirror. Using a delay differential equation model for the mode-locked laser, we are able to systematically investigate the resonance effects of the inter-spike interval time of the laser and the roundtrip time of the light in the external cavity (delay time) for intermediate and long delay times. We observe synchronization plateaus following the ordering of the well-known Farey sequence. Our results show that in agreement with the experimental results a reduction of the timing jitter is possible if the delay time is chosen close to an integer multiple of the inter-spike interval time of the laser without external feedback. Outside the main resonant regimes the timing jitter is drastically increased by the feedback.