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Modeling elongational viscosity and brittle fracture of polystyrene solutions

Wagner, Manfred H.; Narimissa, Esmaeil; Poh, Leslie; Shahid, Taisir

FG Polymertechnik und Polymerphysik

Elongational viscosity data of well-characterized solutions of 3–50% weight fraction of monodisperse polystyrene PS-820k (molar mass of 820,000 g/mol) dissolved in oligomeric styrene OS8.8 (molar mass of 8800 g/mol) as reported by André et al. (Macromolecules 54:2797–2810, 2021) are analyzed by the Extended Interchain Pressure (EIP) model including the effects of finite chain extensibility. Excellent agreement between experimental data and model predictions is obtained, based exclusively on the linear-viscoelastic characterization of the polymer solutions. The data were obtained by a filament stretching rheometer, and at high strain rates and lower polymer concentrations, the stretched filaments fail by rupture before reaching the steady-state elongational viscosity. Filament rupture is predicted by a criterion for brittle fracture of entangled polymer liquids, which assumes that fracture is caused by scission of primary C-C bonds of polymer chains when the strain energy reaches the bond-dissociation energy of the covalent bond (Wagner et al., J. Rheology 65:311–324, 2021).